Hooijberg, Hunt and Dodge (1997) called for more attention to be paid to values in leadership research, especially to the role of integrity
Hypothesis: Integrity has a positive association with effectiveness for all raters.
Direct reports will see an especially strong association between
integrity and leadership effectiveness.
Hypothesis stated that Integrity would have a positive association with effectiveness for
all raters. Based on the literature we certainly expected this hypothesis to be true. The results,
however, show a statistically significant association for the managers themselves and their peers,
but not for the direct reports and bosses.