Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Vedic Management by Krishan Saigal - Book Information and Review

Mr. Krishan Saigal is a gold medallist in engineering, M.P.A. from Harvard University and Ph.D in Public administration. He was an IAS officer and was the Chief Secretary of State of Assam in India.
A book on management by him is certainly worth reading.
1. Introduction
2. The Vedic System
3. The Psychological Approach of Upanishads
4. Dharmic Management: Vedic Society
5. Dharmic Management: The Art of Governance
6. The Yogic Management of the Bhagavad Gita
7. Gandhian Management
8. Conclusion
Gyan Publishing House
5, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj
New Delhi - 110 002
Published in year 2000
Review and Summary
The author is uniquely qualified to examine the thoughts on management contained Vedas. According to him, modern management movement, has not studied the impact of Vedas on management thought.
The main feature of Vedic management were identified by him as follows:
1. The management system is suffused with values.
2. There is more stress on process (yoga nad dharma) than structure.
3. The system is nonhierarchical, a network and based on trusting the individual.
4. Accoutability of top management is through the principle of stewardship.
Accordingly ot the author, Gandhi used vedic management principles in his struggle against the British successfully.  Krishan Saigal devoted the Chapter 7 to  Gandhian Management and examined how Gandhi used ideas from Vedas to develop independence struggle. 
The historicity of British rule in India was an issue of enquiry for Gandhi. He was deeply puzzled and troubled by it. He wondered why British could consolidate their rule amd make it acceptable to people.
British merchants had come to India because of the inner compulsions of modern economy based on scale (mass production)  and profit earning. Once they captured power, they had been able to consolidate their rule because of their ability ot legitimize it in the ideological language of modern civilization. Their rule therefore was not merely political but also moral and cultural in nature.
In Gandhi's view, the Indians had long been in the habit of fighting among themselves and some of the them turned to the newly arrived East India Company for financial and military help. Over time the company played off one group against another and thereby broadened and consolidated its rule. Gandhi argued that the English have not come and defeated India. We have given it to them. To give credit to them, is to perpetuate their rule. The problem is internal and to overthrow British the solution can be found by internal enquiry and the solution can be implemented by Indians. That was the thought of Gandhi.
Reference Materials on Gandhian Management
Gandhi's Management Principles And Skills
(Lecture Presented By Ambassador (Retd) Alan Nazareth, Managing Trustee, Sarvodaya International Trust, At The Gandhi Colloqium, Brussels On December 2nd, 2003)
Dr. Ram Pratap, Gandhian Management, Jaico Publishing, Forthcoming
Anand Kumara Swamy, Gandhi on Personal Leadership, Jaico Publishing,
ISBN  81-7992-571-4

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