Monday, December 5, 2011

Leadership - Globe Research Project

Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness
The project, Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness (GLOBE), was conceived and led by Robert J. House of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, It was started in 1991.

The first book on the project was published in 2004. A second book was published in 2007.

The Project

The project, Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness (GLOBE), was conceived and led by Robert J. House of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, It was started in 1991.

GLOBE has at least three phases. The results of the first two are dealt with in a book published in 2004. Phase 1 involved the development of research instruments. Phase 2 assessed nine fundamental attributes, or cultural dimensions, of both societal and organizational cultures, and explored how these impact leadership in 62 societal cultures. Phase 3, currently underway, is primarily studying the effectiveness of specific leader behaviors (including that of CEOs) on subordinates’ attitudes and performance.

Nine "Cultural Dimensions"

The first major question addressed by the GLOBE researchers was measurement of similarities and differences among various societal and organizational cultures. The team identified nine “cultural dimensions” that would serve as their units of measurement (independent variables).

There are:

Performance Orientation
Uncertainty Avoidance
Humane Orientation
Institutional Collectivism
In-Group Collectivism
Gender Egalitarianism
Future Orientation
Power Distance
See for more details on these dimensions:

These dimensions are not expressed as dichotomies (two levels of measurement) but are measured at 7 levels.

Leadership Attributes

21 leadership attributes that contributed to effectiveness or non effectiveness were identified.

Administratively Competent
Charismatic / Inspirational
Charismatic / Self-sacrificial

Charismatic / Visionary
Conflict inducer
Face saver

Humane orientation

Performance oriented
Team collaborative
Team integrator

Status consciousness

Six Leadership Dimensions

Six leadership clusters are identified as dependent variables.

Humane Oriented
Team Oriented
The six leadership dimensions can be defined in terms of the 21 leadership attributes.

Results of Research

The results of the research reported are focused on explaining how the nine cultural dimensions (e.g., “performance orientation,” “assertiveness,” and seven others) as independent variables relate to the six culturally endorsed leadership theory dimensions (e.g., “charismatic / value-based,” “team-oriented,” and four others) as dependent variables across the 10 societal clusters.

According to Fred Luthans, charismatic/value based leadership is universally endorsed by subject participants of the study.

Sources and References

Robert J. House et al., Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies, Sage Publications, 2004.

Brochure of the Book - Culture and Leadership Across the World by Chokyar, Brodbeck and R.J. House (Ed.)

Interesting Ideas from the article
Introduction to the GLOBE Research Project on Leadership Worldwide, Cornelius N. Grove, 2005

The GLOBE Project's Definition of Leadership

The GLOBE researchers studied leadership worldwide; they defined leadership as

"...the ability of an individual to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organizations of which they are members"

Visit the quiz page

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