Tuesday, March 20, 2012


 Index of concepts
  1. Aa to Az
  2. Ba to Bz
  3. Ca to Cz
  4. Da to Dz  
  5. Ea to Ez
  6. Fa to Fz
  7. Ga to Gz
  8. Ha to Hz
  9. Ia to Iz

 Concept Definition and Explanation


Optimism is now a concept in psychology.


Psychology treats optimism as a cognitive characteristic. It is expressed as a generalized positive outcome expectancy and/or as an attribution that has positive bias.


Daniel Goleman in his discussion of emotional intelligence discusses the role of optimism and at one point refers to optimism as an emotionally intelligent attitude.  Christopher Peterson, Professor of University of Michigan also points out that optimism has an emotional component. He writes, "Optimism is not simply cold cognition, and if we forget the emotional flavor that pervades optimism, we can make little sense of the fact that optimism is both motivated and motivating."







Related Knols



Martin E.P. Seligman, Learned Optimism, Pocket Books, 1998

Research Papers

Christopher Peterson, "The Future of Optimism," American Psychologist, January 2000
M.F. Scheier and C.S. Carver, "The Effects of Optimism on Psychological and Physical Well-Being," Cognitive Theory and Research, Vol. 16, 1992, pp. 201-228.

Management Knowledge Revision Knols

Knols that facilitate revision of various subjects of MBA curriculum to keep management professionals' knowledge fresh

Original knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/optimism/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 1186

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